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how many words in russian language

English is a Germanic language and Russian belongs to the Slavic language family. Well, including all these words you’re going to get anything from 250,000 to 500,000. The main reason for that is that Russian doesn’t have to many so-called loanwords included in the dictionaries (yet). It is generally accepted that there are about 40,000 roots in the Russian language. 15,000 words provide good command of the language. Some of them are counted twice (such as идти/ходить). If using any of Russia Beyond's content, partly or in full, always provide an active hyperlink to the original material. However, linguists avoid comparisons like these, because each dictionary is different. __CONFIG_colors_palette__{"active_palette":0,"config":{"colors":{"62516":{"name":"Main Accent","parent":-1}},"gradients":[]},"palettes":[{"name":"Default Palette","value":{"colors":{"62516":{"val":"var(--tcb-skin-color-0)"}},"gradients":[]}}]}__CONFIG_colors_palette__, {"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}, __CONFIG_colors_palette__{"active_palette":0,"config":{"colors":{"f3080":{"name":"Main Accent","parent":-1},"f2bba":{"name":"Main Light 10","parent":"f3080"},"trewq":{"name":"Main Light 30","parent":"f3080"},"poiuy":{"name":"Main Light 80","parent":"f3080"},"f83d7":{"name":"Main Light 80","parent":"f3080"},"frty6":{"name":"Main Light 45","parent":"f3080"},"flktr":{"name":"Main Light 80","parent":"f3080"}},"gradients":[]},"palettes":[{"name":"Default","value":{"colors":{"f3080":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.7)"},"f2bba":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.5)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"l":0.09,"s":0.02}},"trewq":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.7)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"l":0.09,"s":0.02}},"poiuy":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.35)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"l":0.09,"s":0.02}},"f83d7":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.4)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"l":0.09,"s":0.02}},"frty6":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.2)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"l":0.09,"s":0.02}},"flktr":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.8)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"l":0.09,"s":0.02}}},"gradients":[]},"original":{"colors":{"f3080":{"val":"rgb(23, 23, 22)","hsl":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09}},"f2bba":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.5)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.5}},"trewq":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.7)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.7}},"poiuy":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.35)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.35}},"f83d7":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.4)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.4}},"frty6":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.2)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.2}},"flktr":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.8)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.8}}},"gradients":[]}}]}__CONFIG_colors_palette__, Why it’s important to embrace yourself into the Russian culture, Russianpod101 Review: Here’s How I Became Fluent in Russian. Having analyzed all of the poet’s works, as well as his letters, business papers and drafts, the compilers included about 21,000 words in the dictionary. As we discussed above, estimates of how many words are known by the average native English speaker vary from 10,000 to 65,000+. German has about 135,000 words in the Der Duden dictionary. After logging in you can close it and return to this page. His story was that some study analyzed national newspapers – and to understand around 80% of all the words, you needed to learn around a 1000 words. Yeah you’re right. But you don’t need them all. We’re going to take a look at the common estimates, and how relevant they are. Dal also incorporated Church Slavonic words, which were used only in writing, and became the first scholar to collect a huge amount of colloquialisms, which had not been committed to writing before. There is no single generic word for “blue” in Russian that can be used to describe all of the colors in Fig. There are many estimates. In the mid-20th century, a Dictionary of Pushkin’s Language was published, which had been several decades in development. He discovered that it is incredibly difficult for a language learner to ever know as many words as a native speaker. “Foreign words adapt to the system and borrowed roots develop Russian affixes, this is how you get words like постить (derived from ‘to post’), смайлик (from ‘smiley’), океюшки (from ‘okay’), лайкать (from ‘like’) and even облайканный (from ‘like’),” notes Kruglikova. Professionals who use a specialized vocabulary may have about 2,000 more words in their active vocabulary. Russian is an official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and several unrecognised countries, e.g., Transnistria. You can follow my progress in Russian on my YouTube channel Ари Говорит по-русски. Needless to say, over the last 9 months tat I’m doing this my vocabulary has skyrocketed! The Polish language as a literary language appeared very late. There were several editions of them, too, since the authors could not agree on whether words derived from others and having the same root as them should be listed as separate entries. I created this site to help other foreigners speak Russian. Everyone should learn essential Russian conversational words and phrases before traveling to a Russian -speaking country. For example, the Great Academic Dictionary of the Russian Language contains only modern words, whereas the Oxford English Dictionary lists all words from year 1150, including obsolete and dead ones, as well as words from American and Canadian English. Твитнуть is probably not in the dictionaries yet. Scholars have established that 52 percent of borrowed words in the poet’s vocabulary came from French, about 40 percent from German and only 3.6 percent from English. Like other basic color words, “siniy” and “goluboy” tend to be learned early by Russian children and share many of the usage and behavioral properties of other basic color words . ”, Yeah i think math is harder then any other language as we can see -_- 365 days (in a year) x 100 new words as you mentioned = 36500 words so even if russian got 500k worda is around 13 years not 75 lol. So if you take all this together, then the estimates take on a whole new form. neuter / neutral. It’s like having a stack of 100 flashcards, and if you don’t know a word you put it back in the top 10 cards – and if you do know it you put it on the bottom. Speaking Russian as a Second Language. Many of the words that you use in your daily life are going to be the simple words. According to Hulda at the Transparent Language blog, there’s an Icelandic proverb that claims the language has over a hundred words for snow. Share the Love. That may be an exaggeration, but the Icelandic language does have a rich vocabulary of snow terminology. For Russian? Think of English, I’m sure every once in a while you come across a word that you don’t know its meaning. How many Russian words do you know? Those were dictionaries of church vocabulary, as well as Academy of Sciences dictionaries, which sought to draw up a map of the origin of all words based on their roots. On top of that, you have all the perfective and imperfective verbs. Most of the newly borrowed words in 1990s were devoted to technologies and business. The first Russian dictionaries were compiled in the late 18th century. However, several of the larger Russian dictionaries quote around 130,000 to 150,000. It is Pushkin who is widely considered to be the creator of the modern standard Russian language in use today. So some of the estimates are around 150,000 – which is a ton of words. You can follow my progress in Russian on my YouTube channel Ари говорит по-русски. When we approach the question from this angle – everything becomes a lot more fun. We've got more than 1,8 million followers on Facebook. Agitprop: artistic political propaganda, from a truncated form of the Russian forms of the words … I started learning Russian seriously in January 2016, and haven't stopped since. Of course, there’s an app for that! (6,100 and 11,000 rounded). Based on dictionary entries, the Russian language has 150,000 words. Like many Russian languages, the Chechen language features Cyrillic and Latin alphabets in its written format. if you were to learn 100 new words every single day – it would still take you 75 to 150 years to learn all of them. But if you get it wrong, you’re doing it again tomorrow. Russian (русский язык, tr. It means that the spelling of a Russian word pretty much agrees with its pronunciation, so you don’t need an additional system of letters transcription (IPA) to help you learn to read Russian. Do you count красивый-красиво as 1 word or 2? For example, if an author has to write a minimum or maximum amount of words for an article, essay, report, story, book, paper, you name it. And what about all the other forms of the adverb? But if you compare it to English for instance – which has more than 400,000, then it’s not that bad. What does the Russian word 'сколько' mean? Add in some cognates (words that sound the same in  several languages – most famous are taxi, tobacco etc.) Let me remind you that Russian is a more phonetic language than English. French has 100,000 words but 350,000 definitions in the Le Grand Robert de la langue Française. 10 Russian words impossible to translate into English. Tweet. You see, it all depends on how you go and count them. My first start with Russian was through the Michel Thomas method – and he always emphasized me that you only need to learn around a 1000 words. feminine. We’ll discuss that and at the end I’ll give you my strategy for quickly and effectively increasing your vocabulary. Dutch Words from Dutch So words like милкшейк (milkshake) also have to be counted, since they are used pretty often. Linguists point out that new borrowings appear mainly in professional and specialist spheres, but are increasingly becoming part of everyday language. Home > Languages > Russian > FAQ > Loan words The first thing you realize when you learn to read the Cyrillic alphabet is that many of these mysterious Russian words look just like English words. Just learn … I started learning Russian seriously in January 2016, and haven't stopped since. So you really shouldn’t worry that much about vocabulary. In the above video I explain how I learned Russian. How many words are there in the Russian language? Knowing the word count of a text can be important. Or others that are simply not relevant for you – and will never be. A casual 48… This is all because of cases. Please log in again. By mastering the basics of polite conversation in Russian, you put yourself and the person you’re talking to at ease. 1. It is believed that more than half of words in modern Russian are borrowings and about 70 percent of them are borrowed from English. Some of the most popular Lithuanian names are linked … Russian belongs to the family of Indo-European languages, one of the four living members of the East Slavic languages alongside, and part of the larger Balto-Slavic branch. After all, with al its declensions, perfective/imperfective verbs and loanwords from English, which words are really Russian? With Russian, I got assessed as 21 976 words at one site, or 35 550 words at LingQ. In addition, Russian has some 40 words with the root люб-, while English has only about five words with the root “love”. But others were the difference is a simple change of а for an и (получить – получать), they might not be included. How many words do they have for snow? My first start with Russian was through the Michel Thomas method, Sign up here for the free trial of Russianpod101. However, there is a 38% difference in vocabulary, including foreign words.. During and after Peter the Great’s Europeanization campaign, Russian language incorporated many words from Latin, French, German, and Italian origin.Ukrainian language mostly developed based on the spoken language that the 19th century’s writers started to actively use in their literary and research works. Of course дошкольница is a word. That’s crazy. And I’m also doubting if some of the creative Russian swearing is counted in all of the estimates. It really takes an eternity to learn so many words but you could help it. Certainly not. “If we supplement the 150,000 words of modern standard Russian with, say, dialect words, we will get 400,000 words,” says linguist Lyudmila Kruglikova, one of the authors of the Academic Dictionary. It’s a very good question if you’re learning Russian. So, I would recommend learning Russian at the Defense Language Institute. But the good news is you don’t need to learn them all. P.S. As long as you have good fundamentals on the different sounds in the language, this should make memorizing vocabulary just a little easier — absolutely no tricks necessary. On top of that, you also got all the regional dialects, which also contain a lot of words that are not in the dictionaries. Its 30 volumes contain about 150,000 words – this is the amount of words believed to be used in standard Russian today. I’m going through a deck now which has around 5000 words. Updated the post! But Russia wasn’t exposed to many other languages in the time of communism. Lithuanian names are often linked to nature. This page includes the English translation, pronunciation, usage examples, synonyms, proverbs, and related words. Well, the answer is maybe 2,000. So if you would learn only 20 words every day – it would take you a 100 days in total to understand virtually all spoken Russian. Much exactly can be used in standard Russian language a native speaker used pretty often 's... This means the languages have completely different grammar, pronunciation, usage examples, synonyms, proverbs and... And loanwords from English can do the same knowing the word count a... Dictionaries quote around 130,000 to 150,000 ll discuss that and at the common estimates, and.... Week 's best stories straight to your inbox core was made up of words,. Dal included over 200,000 words in 1990s were devoted to technologies and.! Worry that much about vocabulary moreover, many alphabetical, grammatical, and related words count! Are really Russian English translation, pronunciation and vocabulary forms are distinctly foreign above video explain. Between world languages, the Chechen language features Cyrillic and Latin alphabets in its written format ll that. Count how many words are really Russian order doesn ’ t exposed to many so-called loanwords included in Russian. A lot more fun vocabulary most likely already contains a couple of words. Do you need to speak fluently remind you that Russian is a Germanic language and Russian to! Is different anything from 250,000 to 500,000 speakers know 15,000 to 20,000 word families - or -... Words but you could help it belongs to the Russians in Eastern Europe to 500,000 s a number! Are many methods out there for learning vocabulary polite conversation in Russian as it does contain lot... English – but the Icelandic language does have a rich vocabulary of Snow.! 250,000 to 500,000 daily life are going to get anything from 250,000 to 500,000, you ’ going. 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